How does form you it, and especially how to overcome? Some elements of answer below
It corresponds to a disgraceful distortion of the located fat layer the more surface (just under the skin), which gives the skin a dimpled appearance (sometimes called 'orange peel skin'), visible spontaneously or following a localized pinch.
Cellulite is found mainly in women, most often at the level of the thighs, knees and abdomen.
Most often, plans do not allow to get rid of because the deep fat layers are initiated first, leaving intact the most superficial layer.
Understanding cellulite, quilting or "orange peel" effect
The skin is made of different layers. From the surface to the depth, we find:
- The epidermis: 1 mm thick, role main = waterproofing.
- DermIS: variable thickness from 1 mm to 2 cm. Mainly composed of collagen and elastin fibers. It is very rich in water. Role principal = synthesis, immune.
- The hypodermis: deepest layer containing the fat cells organized in different thicknesses. The first weight corresponds to the cellulite fat.
FAT (or fat cells) cells are stored in the lobules separated by connective tissue SEPTA. These partitions have a specific provision (in zone) and are anchored to the deep surface of the dermis.
Under the influence of different factors (Adiposis, infiltration and fibrosis), conjunctive partitions will be shortened, from the form of zone towards a form of sphere and cause a retraction of their anchorage points to the deep DermIS.
In humans, connective tissue SEPTA and their anchor points will have another provision, it is for this reason that the orange peel effect reached only women.
Cellulite fat is victim of three distinct phenomena:
The lipodystrophy or Adiposis: corresponds to an increase of the volume and the number of adipocytes (fat cells), due to an abnormality of their synthesis (manufacture in storage) / Lysis (destruction in plans). Its origins are often genetic or hormonal.
When the adipose is majority, known as fat cellulite (the medical term will be that of a superficial lipodystrophy).
A vascular stasis and infiltration: the vessels around the enlarged fat cells will more properly fulfil their role, and blood they contain will stagnate rather than be drained to the capillary bed. This stasis will be at the origin of an infiltration/dissemination of this water to the level of the fatty layer of cellulite.
It can be linked to several factors such as chronic venous insufficiency, poor lymphatic drainage of the lower limbs or capillary leakage of small vessels surrounding the fat cells of cellulite.
When the infiltration is in the majority, we talk about infiltrated Cellulite (or superficial Hydrolypodistrophie).
Fibrosis: due to the passage of water and proteins of high molecular weight the bulkheads separating the fat cells of cellulite. These organelles are poorly resolved by the lymphatic system, causing a stimulation of the fibroblast in the production of collagen fibers at the level of the bulkheads separating the fat cells of cellulite.
These partitions, abnormally loaded collagen, will lose their permeability and eventually imprison (related to the phenomenon of vascular stasis above) standing water autour fat cellulite who finds herself taken trapped in a sort of "sheath" fibrous.
If fibrosis is predominant, we talk about fibrous Cellulite (or superficial Fibrolipodystrophie).
Adapted to each type of cellulite therapeutic support should be offered.
Fat cellulite must be supported on methods to reduce fat such as laser lipolysis, ultrasounds localized, or liposuction.
For infiltrated cellulite, it is logical to focus on all methods that will allow the trapped water drainage (Mesotherapy +++ Manual lymph drainage, aquabike, cellu M6, pressotherapy)
Fibrous cellulite will respond to certain treatments such as the Cellu-M6, laser or Mesotherapy.